Polymers—typically petroleum-derived polymers—make up the raw components of plastic. Long-chain molecules known as polymers are created when identical molecules are assembled again with one another. The fundamental building blocks for a wide variety of plastic products utilized in numerous sectors are plastic raw materials. To enhance their diverse qualities, plastic raw materials can be treated with a variety of additives. The qualities of rigid thermoplastic polymers and soft elastomeric materials are combined in a class of materials known as thermoplastic elastomers (TPE). TPEs offer features including ease of workability, elasticity, durability, and flexibility. Plastics can have their varied characteristics improved by using functional fillers. For instance, fiberglass gives plastic strength and rigidity. Talc lessens friction, while dolomite makes plastic denser. Carbon black provides features such as heat resistance, electrical conductivity, and UV protection. Chemical compounds called flame retardants make plastics more resistant to burning. Flame retardants lessen the flammability of plastics and halt the spread of flame during a fire. Substances like bromine, chlorine, and antimony trioxide are examples of this.